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The gastric banding procedure is a restrictive procedure meaning it reduces the stomach's capacity and restricts the amount of food that can be consumed at one time. A band is placed at the top of the stomach and tightened to create a small pouch. A small tube connects the band to a port placed under the skin of the abdomen. The tightness of the band is adjusted periodically in the surgeon's office by injecting saline solution into the band through the port. These adjustments can increase or decrease the size of the stomach outlet.
In terms of weight loss, most people will lose between 50 and 60 percent of their excess body weight. For someone weighing 350 pounds, with an ideal body weight of 150 pounds, this is equal to a loss of 100 to 120 pounds. Weight loss is generally slower with the gastric banding procedure as compared to the Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass Procedure.
Yes, the band can be removed at any time through a similar procedure. The stomach and other anatomy are intact.